A Short Review on Various Purification Techniques Suitable for Biohydrogen-Mixed Gases
Keywords:Biohydrogen production, hydrogen purification, pressure swing adsorption (PSA), absorbation, membrane, sustainable, energy, fuel cell.
The need of establishment of biohydrogen purification techniques is due the fact that biohydrogen production will be completely transformed into industrial scale soon or later. For biohydrogen process development to be commercially feasible, all the process involved, including purification should be low cost, practical and efficient; particularly when the biohydrogen production is technically challenging. In any case, carbon dioxide and other gaseous impurities are usually evolved during hydrogen production, and highly purified hydrogen is desirable in fuel cells application and other hydrogenation processes. Particularly, is critical to achieve high purity of hydrogen especially in a fuel cell application where it requires 99.9% only hydrogen. This paper reviews four main principle methods that are suitable for biohydrogen mixed gases, namely cryogenic separation, absorption, adsorption and membrane separation. The comparison based on their strengths and weaknesses, regarding the rate and yield of hydrogen, energy requirement and efficiency in terms of hydrogen selectivity, recovery and purity for fuel cell application. Cryogenic separation is among the earliest technique used for hydrogen purification. Though, due to the low temperature requirement, cryogenic separation is least preferred as gas separation is energy intensive and costly. Cyrogenic separation is commonly combine with membrane separation. It was also acknowledged that the membrane separation technique is widely used for biohydrogen purification. Most of research mostly in advancement of the membrane for high selectivity for hydrogen and low selectivity for carbon dioxide.Another method, pressure swing adsorption (PSA) is one of commonly used in conventional hydrogen purification. The hydrogen purity produced by PSA was higher than absorption but the cost to operate it is the same at the expense of low hydrogen recovery. Also, chemical absorption of hydrogen separation from mixed gaseous mixture is discussed due to its simplicity of operation and possible to operate using existing common absorber.
Debabrata, D., Namita, K., & Chitralekha Dasgupta;, N. (2014). Biohydrogen Production Fundamentals and Technology Advances. CRC Press. New York, USA.
Nikolaidis, P., & Poullikkas, A. (2017). A comparative overview of hydrogen production processes. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 67: 597â€“611.
Rahman, S. N. A., Masdar, M. S., Rosli, M. I., Majlan, E. H., Husaini, T., Kamarudin, S. K., & Daud, W. R. W. (2016). Overview biohydrogen technologies and application in fuel cell technology. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 66: 137â€“162.
Sun, Y., He, J., Yang, G., Sun, G. and Sage, V.(2019). A review of the enhancement of biohydrogen generation by chemicals addition. Catalysts, 9 (353): 2-21
Rathore, D., Singh, A., Dahiya, D. and Nigam, P.S. (2019). Sustainability of biohydrogen as fuel: Present scenario and future perspective. AIMS Energy 7(1): 1-19.
Eroglu, E., & Melis, A. (2011). Bioresource Technology Photobiological hydrogen production : Recent advances and state of the art, Photobiological hydrogen production: Recent advances and state of the art. Bioresource Technology, 102: 8403-8413
Nagarajan, D., Lee, D. J., Kondo, A., & Chang, J. S. (2017). Recent insights into biohydrogen production by microalgae â€“ From biophotolysis to dark fermentation. Bioresource Technology, 227(1): 373â€“387.
Assawamongkholsiri, T.and Reungsang, .A.(2015). Photofermentational hydrogen production of rhodobacter sp. KKU-PSI isolated from an USAB reactor. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology 18: 221-230.
Sharma, A. and Arya, S.K.(2017). Hydrogen from algal biomass: A review of production process. Biotechnology Reports 15: 63-69.
Cardoso, V., Romao, B.B., Silva, F.T.M., Santos, J.G., Batista, F.R.X. and Ferreira, J.S.(2014). Hydrogen production by dark fermentation. Chemical Engineering Transactions 38: 481-486.
Rameirez-Morales, J.E., Tapia-Venegas, E., Toledo-Alarcon, J, and Ruiz-Filippi, G.(2015). Simultaneous production and separation of biohydrogen in mixed culture systems by continous dark fermentation. Water Science and Technology 71(9): 1271-1285.
SchrÃ¶der, C., Selig, M., & SchÃ¶nheit, P. (1994). Glucose fermentation to acetate, CO2 and H2 in the anaerobic hyperthermophilic eubacterium Thermotoga maritima: involvement of the Embden-Meyerhof pathway. Archives of Microbiology, 161(6): 460â€“470.
Kraemer, J.T and Bagley, D.M (2008). Measurement of H2 consumption and its role in continuous fermentative hydrogen production. Water Science Technology 57 (5): 681â€“685.
Hema, R. and Agrawal, P.(2012). Production of clean feul from waste biomass using combined dark and photofermentaion. IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering 1(4), 37-47.
Wang, J. and Yin, Y.(2018). Fermentative hydrogen production using pretreated microalgal biomass as feedstock. Microbial Cell Factories 17:22
Fatima,S., Kumar, A.and Singh, R.K.(2018). Biohydrogen prodyuction: A potential energy resource. International Journal of Engineering Science and Advanced Research 4(3), 1-10.
Bakonyi, P., Nemestothy, N. and Belafi-Baka, K.(2013). Biohydrogen purification by membranes: An overview on the operational conditions affecting the performance of non-porous, polymeric and ionic liquid based gas separation membranes. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(23), 9673â€“9687.
Morsy, F. M. (2015). CO2 free biohydrogen production by mixed dark and photofermentation bacteria from sorghum starch using a modified simple purification and collection system. Energy, 87, 594â€“604.
Volkl, J., Muller, K., Mokrushina, L., and Arlt, W.(2012). A priori property estimation of physical and reactive CO2 absorbents. Chem. Eng. Technol. 35(3), 579-583.
Radebaugh, R. (2007). Historical Summary of Cryogenic Activity Prior to 1950. In K. D. Timmerhaus & R. P. Reed (Eds.), Cryogenic Engineering (pp. 3â€“27). New York, NY: Springer New York
Xu, G., Liang, F., Yang, Y., Hu, Y., Zhang, K. and Liu, W.(2014). An improved CO2 separation and purification system based on cryogenic separation and distillation theory. Energies 7, 3484-3502.
Lal, B., Shariff, A.M., Mukhtar, H., Nasir, Q. and Qasim, A.(2018). An overview of cryogenic separation techniques for natural gas with high CO2 content. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 13(8), 2152-2155.
Bharathiraja, B., Sudharsanaa, T., Bharghavi, A., Jayamuthunagai, J., & Praveenkumar, R. (2016). Biohydrogen and Biogas â€“ An overview on feedstocks and enhancement process. Fuel, 185, 810â€“828
Gunardson, H. (1998). Industrial gases in petrochemical processing. Chemical industries. New York: Marcel Dekker
Damle, A. (2008). Hydrogen Separation and Purification. In Hydrogen Fuel, 283â€“324. CRC Press.
Keller, T., & Shahani, G. (2016). PSA technology: Beyond hydrogen purification. Chemical Engineering, 123(1), 50â€“53.
Grande, C.A.(2012). Advances in pressure swing adsorption for gas separation. International Scholarly Research Network ISRN Chemical Engineering, 2012 (9829341), 1-13
Moon, D. K., Lee, D. G., & Lee, C. H. (2016). H2 pressure swing adsorption for high pressure syngas from an integrated gasification combined cycle with a carbon capture process. Applied Energy, 183, 760â€“774.
Li, B., He, G., Jiang, X., Dai, Y.and Ruan, X.(2016). Pressure swing adsorption/membrane hybrid processes for hydrogen purification with a high recovery. Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering. 10(2): 255-264.
Zakkour, P., & Cook, G. (2010). CCS Roadmap for Industry: High-purity CO2 Sources: Final Draft Sectoral Assessment, (September), Report to the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO)
Li, T., & Keener, T. C. (2016). A review: Desorption of CO2 from rich solutions in chemical absorption processes. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 51, 290â€“304.
Abdul M.N.A. and Asli U.A (2019) Purification of biohydrogen from fermentation gas mixture using two-stage chemical absorption. In: E3S Web of Conferences 90. 01012.
Optimized Gas Treating. (2008). Piperazine - Why Itâ€™s Used and How It Works. The Contactor - Optimized Gas Treating, Inc, 2(4), 2. Retrieved from http://www.ogtrt.com/files/contactors/vol_2_issue_4.pdf Access on 27/11/2019
Chung, Y.T., Rohani, R., Mohamad, I.N, Mastar@Masda, M.S and Takriff, M.S.(2019). Purification of biohydrogen produced from palm oil mill effluent fermentation for fuel cell application. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 80-89.
Li, P., Wang, Z., Qiao, Z., Liu, Y., Cao, X., Li, W., and Wang, S. (2015). Recent developments in membranes for efficient hydrogen purification. Journal of Membrane Science, 495, 130â€“168.
Yin, H. and Yip, A.C.K. (2017). A review on the production and purification of biomas-derived hydrogen using emerging membrane technologies. Catalysis 7, 297.
Kohl, A. L., & Nielsen, R. B. (1997). Chapter 15 - Membrane Permeation Processes. In Gas Purification, 1238â€“1295.
Yin, H., & Yip, A. C. K. (2017). A Review on the Production and Purification of Biomass-Derived Hydrogen Using Emerging Membrane Technologies. Catalysts, 7(10), 297.
Sazali, N., Mohamed, M.A., and Salleh, W.N.W.(2020). Membranes for hydrogen separation: a significant review. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 107, 1859-1881.
Bakonyi, P., Nemestothy, N. and Belafi-Baka, K.(2013). Biohydrogen purification by membranes: An overview on the operational conditions affecting the performance of non-porous, polymeric and ionic liquid based gas separation membranes. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.
Bakonyi,P., Nemestothy, N., Lanko, J., Rivera, I., Bultron, G. and Belafi-Baka, K. (2015).Simultaneous biohydrogen production and purification in adouble-membrane bioreactor system. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 40, 1690-1697
Antonini, T., Foscolo, P.U., Gallucci, K.and Stendardo, S.(2015). Influence of temperature on oxygen permeation through ion transport membrane to feed a biomass gasifier. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 655, 012034.
Lasseuguette, E., Malpass-Evans, R., Carta, M., McKeown, N.B. and Ferrari, M.(2018). Temperature and pressure dependence of gas permeation in a microporous Trogerâ€™s base polymer membranes(Basal) 8(4):132.
Malagon-Romero, D.H., Ladino, A., Ortiz, N. and Green, L.P.(2016). Characterization of a polymeric membrane for the separation of hydrogen in a mixtutre with CO2 . The Open Fuels and Energy Science Journal 9, 126-136.
Smit, B., A.Reimer, J., Oldenburg, C. M., & Bourg, I. C. (2014). Introduction to Carbon Capture and Sequestration. Imperial College Press