Investigating Awareness of Emergency Evacuation Among Construction Workers
Keywords:Construction, emergency response plan, evacuation, hazards, safety.
Emergency evacuation at construction site is challenging to be conducted due to its dynamic conditions and changing layout. This paper presents a survey work on awareness of emergency evacuation among construction workers. One construction site, P32-2 in Forest City, Johor Bahru is selected for the survey work. 300 workers participated in the survey work. The survey consists of seven questions related to demographic, education levels, and emergency evacuation training. Based on the feedbacks, many workers are male and are in the age group between 20 to 30 years old. The construction site has more general workers than others position. The principal employers or contractors prefer to hire individuals who have no proper education as general workers. There are three challenges for instilling safety awareness of emergency evacuation effectively, which are i) a large number of workers, ii) low level of education, and iii) no training and experience in the emergency evacuation at construction site. This paper did not study workerâ€™s competency to perform the emergency evacuation. More research work on emergency evacuation at construction site should be conducted to improve safety of construction workers.
Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM). February 11, 2019. Retrieved from https://dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cthemeByCat&cat=77&bul_id=ejRwZys5a2Y4VFJFWHNTaUFRYjBlZz09&menu_id=OEY5SWtFSVVFVUpmUXEyaHppMVhEdz09. Retrieved date: April 27, 2019.
Ferrett, E., & Hughes, P. 2008. Introduction to Health and Safety in Construction. 3rd Edition. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Ltd.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE). 2006. Health and Safety in Construction. Retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg150.pdf. Retrieved date: April 27, 2019.
Department of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia (DOSH). 2019. Fatal accident case. Retrieved from http://www.dosh.gov.my/index.php/en/component/content/article/352-osh-info/accident-case/955-accident-case. Retrieved date: May 8, 2019.
Marzouk, M., & Daour, I.A. 2018. Planning Labor Evacuation For Construction Sites Using BIM And Agent-Based Simulation. Safety Science, 109: 174 â€“ 185.
Construction Safety Association of Ontario (CSAO). 2003. Emergency response planning for construction projects. Retrieved from https://www.ihsa.ca/PDFs/Products/Id/B030.pdf. Retrieved date: May 8, 2019.
Department of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia (DOSH). 2007. Guidelines for the prevention of falls at workplace. Retrieved from http://www.dosh.gov.my/index.php/en/legislation/guidelines/building-construction-engineering-work/670-02-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-falls-at-workplaces-2007/file. Retrieved date: April 27, 2019.
Fire safety engineering group (FSEG). 2018. Improving evacuation safety of construction sites. Retrieved from https://fseg.gre.ac.uk/fire/construction_sites123.html. Retrieved date: May 6, 2019.
Ingason, H., LoÌˆnnermark, A., Frantzich, H., & Kumm, M. 2010. Fire Incidents During Construction Work Of Tunnels. Fire Technology. Science Partner Report (83).
Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH). 2018. Construction site evacuation safety: Evacuation strategies for tall construction sites. Retrieved from https://www.iosh.com/media/5609/ps0876-summary-report_v2a.pdf. Retrieved date: October 29, 2019.
Meouche, R. El, Abunemeh, M., Hijaze, I., Mebarki, A., & Shahrour, I. 2018. Developing Optimal Paths for Evacuating Risky Construction Sites. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 144(2), 1-13.