HAZOP Study and Risk Reduction Strategy for Herbal Processing Industry
Keywords:Process safety, herbal processing industry, occupational safety and health, process safety hierarchy, HAZOP
AbstractHerbal processing industries in Malaysia grow very rapidly in the recent years. Malaysia has a promising potential and huge marker demand on herbal medicine, as an alternative to the conventional medicine. This is supported by the abundance availability of various biological heritage and herbal corps, as well as the subsistence of herbal processing facilities in the country. Despite the rapid growth of herbal processing industries in Malaysia, safety and health compliance issue should not be compromised. Every aspect related to personnel and process safety shall be complied as required under the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994. Improper handling of critical processing unit operation can lead to major accident such as fire and explosion. However, knowledge concerning process safety in herbal processing industry is still lacking. The objective of this study is to recommend a safer practice in herbal processing industry, by performing hazard and operability study (HAZOP) as a tool to propose possible design solution based on process safety hierarchy perspective. As a result, several risk reduction strategies for critical equipment were managed to be proposed and classified according to process safety hierarchy. This study will finally discover the element of knowledge â€˜safe by designâ€™ for process and equipment to be enhanced into the herbal processing knowledge and technology development.
Aziz, R. A., Sarmidi, M. R., Kumaresan, S. and Foo D. C. Y. (2005). Engineering Aspects of Herbal and Phytochemical Processing: A Malaysian Perspective.
Zakaria, M. H. (2015). Review of Policies and Issues in the Malaysian Herbal Industry. Economic and Technology Management Research Centre. Selangor: MARDI.
Ali, R. M., (2005). Harnessing the Cures from Malaysian Rain-Forest. Proceeding of the 6th National Congress on Genetics, 12-14 May 2005, Kuala Lumpur.
Aziz, Z., & Tey, N. (2009). Herbal medicines: Prevalence and predictors of use among Malaysian adults. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 17, 44-50.
Siti, Z., Tahir, A., Farah, A. I., & Fazlin, S. A. (2009). Use of traditional and complementary medicine in Malaysia: a baseline study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 17, 292-299.
Marina, A., Man, Y. C., & Amin, I. (2009). Virgin coconut oil: emerging functional food oil. Food Science & Technology, 481-487.
Kletz, T. (2001). Learning from Accidents (Third ed.). Great Britain: Gulf Professional Publishing.
Handa, S. S., Khanuja, S. P., Longo, G., & Rakesh, D. D. (2008). Extraction Technologies for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Trieste, Italy: United Nations Industrial Development Organization and the International Centre for Science and High Technology.
Harjo, B., Wibowo, C., and NG, K. M. (2004). Development of Natural Product Manufacturing Processes. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 82, 1010-1028.
Aziz, R. A., Sarmidi, M. R., Kumaresan, S., & Dominic, C. (2005). Engineering Aspect of Herbal and Phytochemical Processing: A Malaysian Perspective. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, CEPP. Johor: JURUTERA.
Athimulam, A., Kumaresan, S., Foo, D. C., Sarmidi, M. R., & Aziz, R. A. (2006). Modelling And Optimization Of Eurycoma Longifolia Water Extract Production. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 84, 139-149.
Atherton, J., & Gil, F. (2008). Incidents that Define Process Safety. . New York, USA: Wiley-AIChE.
Kidam, K., Sahak, H. A., Hassim, M. H., Shahlan, S. S., & Hurme, M. (2016). Inherently safer design review and their timing during chemical process development and design. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 47-58.
CCPS. (1998). Guidelines For Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures. New York, US: Center For Chemical Process Safety.
Nolan, D. P. (1994). Application of HAZOP And What-If Safety Review to The Petroleum, Petrochemical and Chemical Industries. US: NOYES Publication.
Alaei, R., Mansoori, S. A., Moghaddam, A. H., Mansoori, S. M., & Mansoori, N. (2014). Safety Assessment Approach Of Hazard And Operability (Hazop) For Sulfur Recovery Unit Claus Reaction Furnace Package; Blower; Heat Exchanger Equipment In South Pars Gas Processing Plant. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 271-284.
Kidam, K., Hussin, N., Hassana, O., Ahmad, A., Johari, A., & Hurme, M. (2014). Accident prevention approach throughout process design life cycle. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 412â€“422.
DOSH. (2017). National Occupational Accident & Fatality Rate. Department of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia. Putrajaya: DOSH.
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (1997). Guidelines For Design Solutionsfor Process Equipment Failures. New York, US: Center For Chemical Process Safety.