• Md Mahmudul Hasan Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah
  • Sayma Khandaker Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang Al-Sultan Abdullah
  • Md Ashikujjaman Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Jashore University of Science and Technology
  • Md. Minhazul Haq Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaya



Solar tracking device, Dual axis solar tracker, solar energy


One of the main concerns in Bangladesh and other third-world developing countries is the energy crisis. There is a massive disparity between electrical energy generation and demand. A large proportion of the country's populace are completely deprived of this privilege. The sole alternative to this problem is energy derived from natural resources. Solar power ranks high among alternative sources of energy in terms of effectiveness which could play a key part in resolving the situation. This study aims to figure out the feasibility of a dual axis technique for tracking solar is superior to an immovable, single axis technique for solar tracking by putting one into practice. Three sections that make up the project execution stage are mechanical, electronic, and programming. The dual axis solar tracker drvice outperformed both the fixed and single axis tracker device in terms of power generation. Consequently, it has been shown that the dual axis solar tracker device is more useful when it comes to maximizing power generation


Renewable Energy policy of Bangladesh, Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral resources. 2008. Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.

Daily Generation Data sheet. Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB). Jul. 02, 2013. [Online]. Available:

J. Rizk and Y. Chaiko. 2008. Solar tracking system: more efficient use of solar panels. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. 41: 313–315.

S. Nahar, A. T. M. Golam Sarwar, and S. A. Chowdhury. 2009. A theoretical analysis of optimizing solar irradiance: Bangladesh perspective. 2009 1st International Conference on the Developements in Renewable Energy Technology (ICDRET), Dhaka: IEEE. 1–4. doi: 10.1109/ICDRET.2009.5454191.

M. M. Hasan, A. Al Baker, and I. Khan. 2023. Is solar power an emergency solution to electricity access? Findings from the largest Rohingya refugee camps. Energy Research & Social Science. 103: 103071. doi: 10.1016/j.erss.2023.103071.

C. Breyer et al., 2017. On the role of solar photovoltaics in global energy transition scenarios. Progress in Photovoltaics. 25(8): 727–745. doi: 10.1002/pip.2885.

Renewables Global Status Report. 2016. REN21, 2016. Accessed: May 13, 2024. [Online]. Available:

T. Bouhal et al., 2018. Technical feasibility of a sustainable Concentrated Solar Power in Morocco through an energy analysis. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 81: 1087–1095. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.08.056.

M. M. Rahman, M. Hasanuzzaman, and N. A. Rahim. 2017. Effects of operational conditions on the energy efficiency of photovoltaic modules operating in Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production. 143: 912–924. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.029.

A. E. Hammoumi, S. Motahhir, A. E. Ghzizal, A. Chalh, and A. Derouich, “A simple and low‐cost active dual‐axis solar tracker,” Energy Science & Engineering, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 607–620, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.1002/ese3.236.

T. P. Chang. 2009. The Sun’s apparent position and the optimal tilt angle of a solar collector in the northern hemisphere. Solar Energy. 83(8): 1274–1284. doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2009.02.009.

M. M. Abu-Khader, O. O. Badran, and S. Abdallah. 2008. Evaluating multi-axes sun-tracking system at different modes of operation in Jordan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 12(3): 864–873. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2006.10.005.

J. Song, Y. Yang, Y. Zhu, and Z. Jin. 2013. A high precision tracking system based on a hybrid strategy designed for concentrated sunlight transmission via fibers. Renewable Energy. 57: 12–19. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2013.01.022.

W. Batayneh, A. Owais, and M. Nairoukh. 2013. An intelligent fuzzy based tracking controller for a dual-axis solar PV system. Automation in Construction. 29: 100–106. doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2012.09.006.

E. Kiyak and G. Gol. 2016. A comparison of fuzzy logic and PID controller for a single-axis solar tracking system. Renewables. 3(1): 7. doi: 10.1186/s40807-016-0023-7.

Y. Li et al., 2022. Printed Kirigami Organic Photovoltaics for Efficient Solar Tracking. Adv Funct Materials. 32(34): 2204004. doi: 10.1002/adfm.202204004.

C. Sungur. 2009. Multi-axes sun-tracking system with PLC control for photovoltaic panels in Turkey. Renewable Energy. 34(4): 1119–1125. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2008.06.020.

F. Kentli and M. Yilmaz. 2015. Mathematical Modelling of Two-axis Photovoltaic System with Improved Efficiency. ElAEE. 21(4): 40–43. doi: 10.5755/j01.eee.21.4.12780.

S. Ghazali, R. Nazir, Kamshory, and M. Hadi. 2015. Improve Dual Axis Solar Tracker Algorithm based on Sunrise and Sunset Position. Journal of Electrical Systems. 11(4): 397–406, 2015.

S. Skouri, A. Ben Haj Ali, S. Bouadila, M. Ben Salah, and S. Ben Nasrallah. 2016. Design and construction of sun tracking systems for solar parabolic concentrator displacement. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 60: 1419–1429. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.03.006.

T. Laseinde and D. Ramere. 2019. 0Low-cost automatic multi-axis solar tracking system for performance improvement in vertical support solar panels using Arduino board. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies. 14(1): 76–82. doi: 10.1093/ijlct/cty058.

S. Islam. 2019. A review on recent growth of electrical power generation and power demand in Bangladesh and some suggestions for combating the upcoming challenges. Energy Procedia. 160: 60–67. doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.119.

P. W. Stackhouse. 2012. Surface Meterorology and Solar Energy-A renewable energy resource web site. NASA, POWER:(release 6.0) http://eosweb. larc. nasa. gov/cgi-bin/sse/sse. cgi, 2012.

T. Titirsha, A. R. M. Siddique, F. Afrin, S. Sanjidah, and A. Rabbani. 2014. Introducing dual axis solar tracker with reflector to increase optimal electricity generation in Bangladesh. 2014 3rd International Conference on the Developments in Renewable Energy Technology (ICDRET), Dhaka, Bangladesh: IEEE: 1–6. doi: 10.1109/ICDRET.2014.6861677.

Infrastructure Development Company Limited, Renewable energy projects, IDCOL, solar energy program. 2007. IDCOL.

Bangladesh-Rise of solar panel energy. [Online]. Available:

M. S. Munna, M. A. I. Bhuyan, K. M. Rahman, and Md. A. Hoque. 2015. Design, implementation and performance analysis of a dual-axis autonomous solar tracker. 2015 3rd International Conference on Green Energy and Technology (ICGET), Dhaka, Bangladesh: IEEE: 1–5. doi: 10.1109/ICGET.2015.7315104.

A. C. Chhoton and N. R. Chakraborty. 2017. Dual axis solar tracking system-A comprehensive study: Bangladesh context. 2017 4th International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering (ICAEE), Dhaka: IEEE: 421–426. doi: 10.1109/ICAEE.2017.8255393.




How to Cite

Hasan, M. M., Khandaker, S., Md Ashikujjaman, & Haq, M. M. (2024). DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOTYPE DUAL-AXIS SOLAR TRACKING DEVICE FOR OPTIMAL POWER GENERATION AT RESIDENTIAL AREA IN BANGLADESH. Journal of Energy and Safety Technology (JEST), 7(1), 25–33.